L'histoire

Élection de 1936 : un glissement de terrain démocratique

Élection de 1936 : un glissement de terrain démocratique



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Le Parti républicain s'est réuni à Cleveland, Ohio, en juin 1936. Landon, qui avait été élu gouverneur du Kansas en 1934, le seul gouverneur républicain à avoir réussi dans toute la nation cette année-là.Franklin D. Roosevelt a de nouveau été nommé par les démocrates . Dans un discours prononcé à Chicago, le 14 octobre 1936, Roosevelt déclara : « Lors de ce voyage à travers le pays, j'ai parlé à des agriculteurs. aux hommes d'affaires d'Amérique - pour choisir qui fabriquent et vendent les produits transformés que la nation utilise et aux hommes et aux femmes qui travaillent pour eux. cela n'a jamais été dans notre histoire. Le 1er octobre dernier marquait la fin de la première année complète en cinquante-cinq ans sans une seule faillite d'une banque nationale aux États-Unis. bien. Coughlan a fondé l'Union nationale pour le progrès social en novembre 1934 en opposition aux maux jumeaux du capitalisme et du communisme, tous deux déclarés pourris par Coughlan. L'Union nationale a attiré le Dr Huey P. Long a plaidé pour une redistribution générale des richesses et a à l'Union avec d'autres penseurs radicaux. De ce groupe disparate est venu un plan pour présenter Long à la présidence en 1936, mais il a été assassiné de manière peu commode le 8 septembre 1935. À l'été 1936, le NUSP est devenu le Parti de l'Union et a tenu une convention nationale. Le sénateur William E. Borah de l'Idaho y a participé et a bénéficié d'un certain soutien. Après avoir reçu un petit nombre de voix en novembre 1936, le parti s'est en grande partie dissous en 1938. Le Parti socialiste a de nouveau nommé Norman Thomas, qui a lutté pour que la plate-forme du parti soit identifiée avec des positions nettement à gauche des démocrates. Il a réussi, mais le public votant n'a pas considéré la position socialiste comme pragmatique et Thomas a reçu moins de votes populaires en 1936 qu'en 1932. Le peuple a répondu au message de Roosevelt. Avant cette époque, le Maine était considéré comme un indicateur pour les résultats nationaux, et un dicton populaire avait été : "Comme le Maine va, ainsi va la nation." En 1936, cela a été changé en "Comme le Maine va, ainsi va le Vermont." Sur Capitol Hill, les résultats étaient tout aussi déséquilibrés. Chambre des représentants, les électeurs n'ont envoyé que 88 républicains contre 334 démocrates. Les sondages d'opinion nationaux étaient relativement nouveaux en 1936, mais George Gallop et Elmo Roper ont tous deux prévu une victoire substantielle pour Roosevelt. Farley a prédit à Roosevelt que lors des élections de 1936, son patron gagnerait tous les États sauf le Vermont et le Maine, ce qui s'est avéré correct. Recueil littéraire arrivé à une conclusion différente. La victoire écrasante de Roosevelt a contribué à mettre le Digest à la faillite.

Élection de 1936
Candidats

Fête

Électoral
Voter

Populaire
Voter

Franklin D. Roosevelt (N.Y.)
John N. Garner (Texas)

Démocratique

523

27,476,673

Alfred M. Landon (Kansas.)
Frank Knox (Illinois)

Républicain

8

16,679,583

William Lemke (Dakota du Nord)
Thomas C. O'Brian (Mass.)

syndicat

0

892,793



Élection présidentielle de 1936 Faits et résultats

L'élection présidentielle de 1936 aurait lieu pendant la Grande Dépression et serait une période de réalignement des partis politiques.

Franklin D. Roosevelt avait commencé son New Deal après avoir remporté les élections de 1932. Bien que ses actions aient été nobles, elles n'ont pas fait grand-chose pour arrêter la dépression. la dépression s'est poursuivie malgré ses réformes, cependant, il a donné aux Américains de l'espoir et une vision de l'avenir.

Alors que le New Deal semblait admirable, Roosevelt commençait à violer la Constitution afin de faire adopter sa législation. Son New Deal a été accusé d'être inutile et inefficace. Cependant, les Américains cherchaient des réponses, et Roosevelt semblait les avoir.

Tout au long du premier mandat de FDR, il a utilisé la radio pour communiquer avec les Américains. Ces conversations au coin du feu étaient importantes pour les Américains, car ils se réunissaient souvent pour écouter le président et entendre l'état de l'union. Ses compétences oratoires étaient excellentes et la plupart des Américains lui faisaient confiance.

Les Républicains ne semblaient pas avoir beaucoup de réponse dans cette élection.

Les candidats étaient les suivants :

  • Républicain: Alf Landon et le vice-président Frank Knox
  • Démocrates : Franklin D. Roosevelt et le vice-président John Nance Garner

Chapitre 8 : Glissement de terrain démocratique

Les New-Yorkais font la queue dans une file d'attente près de l'intersection de la Sixième Avenue et de la 42e Rue à New York en 1932 au plus fort de la Grande Dépression.
Image reproduite avec l'aimable autorisation de la FDR Library/National Archives and Records Administration

La famille d'un squatter de l'Oklahoma en Californie, c.a. 1935
Image reproduite avec l'aimable autorisation de la Bibliothèque du Congrès

Des équipes d'hommes de passage travaillent dans un économat pour les produits excédentaires à San Francisco, Californie, 27 décembre 1934
Image reproduite avec l'aimable autorisation de la National Archives and Records Administration

Le président Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933
Image reproduite avec l'aimable autorisation de la Bibliothèque du Congrès

La caricature de William Hudson illustre les difficultés des républicains à faire campagne contre la législation du New Deal du président démocrate Franklin Delano Roosevelt en 1936
Image reproduite avec l'aimable autorisation de la Bibliothèque du Congrès

Carte du district du Congrès de Florence Kahn, créée par le bureau du greffier de la Chambre des représentants des États-Unis, basée sur les « Statutes of California Forty-Ninth Session of the Legislature, 1931 »

Travée principale du pont Oakland-San Francisco Bay avec la ligne d'horizon de San Francisco, Californie, 8 juillet 1945
Image reproduite avec l'aimable autorisation de la National Archives and Records Administration


1936 Résultats des élections

La victoire de FDR en 1936 a été le plus grand glissement de terrain électoral de l'histoire américaine.

Le candidat républicain Alfred Landon ne portait que deux États = le Maine et le Vermont. Longtemps indicateur des élections présidentielles, le Maine s'est vanté une fois : "Comme le Maine va, ainsi va la nation." Maintenant, les démocrates ont plaisanté: "Comme le Maine va, ainsi va le Vermont."

Une nouvelle majorité démocrate puissante a émergé en 1936. Connue sous le nom de coalition « New Deal », elle a dominé la politique nationale pendant des décennies. Il comprenait le Sud traditionnellement démocrate, ainsi que des électeurs ethniques urbains, des agriculteurs et des syndicats - dont les rangs augmentaient rapidement avec l'aide de la loi Wagner. Les Afro-Américains étaient le dernier groupe de la coalition. Étroitement alliés au parti de Lincoln depuis la guerre de Sécession, les électeurs noirs sont passés de manière décisive au parti de FDR en 1936.


Les 10 plus gros glissements de terrain de l'histoire de l'élection présidentielle

Comme nous l'avons appris lors des 10 élections les plus proches de tous les temps, de nombreuses courses sont serrées et nous ne savons pas jusqu'à Election Night qui a gagné.

Mais certaines campagnes sont terminées avant même de commencer. Voici un aperçu des 10 plus grands glissements de terrain de l'histoire présidentielle américaine.

10. Lyndon Baines Johnson sur Barry Goldwater (1964)

Résultats du collège électoral : 486-52
Pourcentage des votes des collèges électoraux : 90.33

LBJ a remporté 44 États et 61,1% du vote populaire, le pourcentage le plus élevé depuis les élections de 1820 (dont vous en apprendrez plus ci-dessous).

9. Ronald Reagan sur Jimmy Carter (1980)

(CARLOS SCHIEBECK/AFP via Getty Images)

Résultats du collège électoral : 489-49
Pourcentage des votes des collèges électoraux : 90.89

Les performances de Carter au cours des quatre dernières années et la montée du mouvement conservateur américain moderne ont ouvert la voie à Reagan pour remporter une énorme victoire. Reagan est le seul non-titulaire à figurer sur cette liste.

8. Abraham Lincoln contre George McClellan (1864)

Résultats du collège électoral : 212-21
Pourcentage des votes des collèges électoraux : 90.99

Seuls 25 États ont participé à cette élection puisque 11 ont fait sécession de l'Union. Lincoln a facilement été réélu contre l'ancien général de l'Union George McClellan.

7. Thomas Jefferson sur Charles C. Pinckney (1804)

Résultats du collège électoral : 162-14
Pourcentage des votes des collèges électoraux : 92.05

L'achat populaire de la Louisiane a soutenu la candidature à la réélection de Jefferson. Il a remporté 72,8% des voix contre l'opposant fédéraliste Charles C. Pinckney de Caroline du Sud.

6. Richard Nixon sur George McGovern (1972)

Résultats du collège électoral : 520-17
Pourcentage des votes des collèges électoraux : 96.65

Nixon a remporté l'élection qui a donné naissance au Watergate en marchant, recueillant 60,7 % des voix populaires et remportant tous les États sauf un (Massachusetts).

5. Ronald Reagan contre Walter Mondale (1984)

Résultats du collège électoral : 525-13
Pourcentage des votes des collèges électoraux : 97.58

Une économie forte a permis à Reagan de remporter une réélection décisive dans tous les États, à l'exception du Minnesota, natif de Mondale. Son total de 525 votes électoraux reste le plus grand nombre de votes électoraux jamais reçus par un candidat présidentiel.

4. Franklin Delano Roosevelt sur Alf Landon (1936)

Résultats du collège électoral : 523-8
Pourcentage des votes des collèges électoraux : 98.49

FDR a facilement remporté sa première candidature à la réélection, car les politiques du New Deal telles que la sécurité sociale et le chômage étaient extrêmement populaires. Roosevelt a remporté tous les États à l'exception du Maine et du Vermont.

3. James Monroe (1820)

Résultats du collège électoral : 231-1
Pourcentage des votes des collèges électoraux : 99.57

Monroe avait un chemin facile vers sa réélection car les fédéralistes étaient incapables de présenter un candidat. Monroe aurait été élu à l'unanimité, sans un seul électeur qui a donné son vote à John Quincy Adams.

1 et 2. George Washington

Washington s'est présenté à deux reprises sans opposition au poste de président nouvellement créé et a remporté chaque vote électoral à chaque fois.


5. Lyndon Johnson bat Barry Goldwater, 1964 (marge de 22,58%)

Dans l'une des victoires électorales présidentielles les plus écrasantes de l'histoire des États-Unis, Lyndon Baines Johnson, qui avait été président des États-Unis. depuis l'assassinat de John F. Kennedy en 1963, a vaincu le candidat républicain, Barry Goldwater, aux élections de 1964. Tout au long de la campagne, Goldwater a critiqué le programme national libéral de Johnson et a défendu sa propre position concernant l'opposition à l'historique Civil Rights Act. Il a également menacé d'utiliser la force pour démanteler le régime du gouvernement communiste de Castro à Cuba et a fait allusion à la possibilité d'utiliser des armes nucléaires contre le Nord-Vietnam pour atteindre les objectifs de son propre pays. La livraison sévère de Goldwater et ses politiques sévères n'ont pas réussi à influencer la population américaine. L'élection s'est terminée par une victoire écrasante pour Johnson qui, avec une marge stupéfiante de 22,58% dans le vote populaire, est désormais devenu le président des États-Unis pour un mandat complet.


La victoire écrasante de Roosevelt à l'élection présidentielle de 1936

SUJETS CLÉS
SUJETS CLÉS SUJETS CLÉS SUJETS CLÉS SUJETS CLÉS Qu'est-ce qui explique la victoire écrasante de Franklin Delano Roosevelt à l'élection présidentielle de 1936 ? A) L'apathie de la plupart des électeurs républicains B) L'incapacité du Parti républicain à diffuser son message C) L'extrême popularité du New Deal auprès des électeurs américains D) La vieillesse et la mauvaise santé de son adversaire, Alf Landon 86. [1] KEY TOPICS KEY SUJETS Il était surtout connu comme candidat républicain à la présidence, battu lors d'une victoire écrasante par Franklin D. Roosevelt lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1936. [1] SUJETS CLÉS Après que la Cour suprême a déclaré le National Recovery Act inconstitutionnel, et avec sa victoire écrasante aux élections présidentielles de 1936, Franklin Roosevelt tente de consolider ses autres réformes du New Deal en élaborant un plan pour « emballer » la Cour suprême avec juges sympathiques à sa mission. [1] Selon l'historien Michael J. Webber, la victoire écrasante de Roosevelt était le résultat de la formation d'une « coalition du New Deal », qui comprenait « des syndicats, des minorités religieuses et ethniques, des citadins pauvres, des libéraux et des progressistes » (Webber , Michael J. New Deal Fat Cats: Business, Labour, and Campaign Finance in the 1936 Presidential Election. [1] Le président Roosevelt a remporté une victoire écrasante lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1936. [1]

Cette ligne d'enquête est née de la victoire écrasante du président Franklin Roosevelt aux élections de 1936. [1]

Qu'est-ce qui explique la victoire écrasante de Franklin Delano Roosevelt à l'élection présidentielle de 1936 ? A) L'apathie de la plupart des électeurs républicains B) L'incapacité du Parti républicain à diffuser son message C) L'extrême popularité du New Deal auprès des électeurs américains D) La vieillesse et la mauvaise santé de son adversaire, Alf Landon 86. [2]

La victoire écrasante aux élections de 1936 a encouragé le président à proposer un plan qui modifierait l'équilibre politique à la Cour suprême en ajoutant de nouveaux juges de son choix et en augmentant ainsi le nombre de juges de la Cour suprême. [1] Malgré la victoire écrasante de Franklin D. Roosevelt, peu d'élections ont eu une importance plus durable pour les politologues, les historiens et les spécialistes de la communication que l'élection présidentielle de 1932. [1] L'élection présidentielle de 1936 a opposé le président démocrate et l'ancien gouverneur de New York Franklin D. Roosevelt et le vice-président John Garner, qui ont été élus lors d'un glissement de terrain quatre ans auparavant, contre le ticket républicain du gouverneur du Kansas Alf Landon et de l'éditeur de journaux de Chicago Frank Knox. [1] Le président démocrate sortant Franklin D. Roosevelt a remporté 60,8 % des suffrages exprimés lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1936, avec une marge de victoire sur le républicain Alfred E. Landon de 24,26 %. [1]

L'élection présidentielle américaine de 1924 a vu la deuxième plus grande victoire écrasante de l'histoire des États-Unis, lorsque le président Calvin Coolidge, le candidat républicain aux élections, a battu John Davis, le candidat démocrate. [1] L'élection présidentielle de 1928 a inauguré une victoire écrasante pour le candidat républicain, Herbert Hoover, qui a remporté par une large marge de 17,41 % aux élections. [1] Jon D. du roi de Prusse, en Pennsylvanie, écrit avec une question de Mailbag Friday : « On a beaucoup parlé d'une victoire écrasante lors de cette récente élection présidentielle. [1]

Sondage Literary Digest : Lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1936, le candidat républicain Alf Landon a défié le président Franklin Roosevelt. [1] Le parti républicain lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1936 était fermement opposé aux mesures mises en œuvre par l'administration Roosevelt et par conséquent était « anti-New Deal », comme le suggère la caricature de Knott. [1] Ces mesures visaient à augmenter la consommation et à réduire le chômage et ont également ajouté "de nouvelles prestations sociales, telles que les pensions de retraite et l'assurance-chômage". (Savage 846) Lorsque l'élection présidentielle de 1936 et l'illustration de la caricature de Knott ont eu lieu, le pays devait décider s'il devait continuer avec de telles politiques et réélire Roosevelt ou abandonner le New Deal et introduire un élu présidentiel républicain. [1] Le parti démocrate pendant l'élection présidentielle de 1936 était prêt à soutenir Roosevelt et ses politiques du New Deal. [1] Le caricaturiste John Knott donne à son auditoire un aperçu de divers points de vue sur les politiques du New Deal mises en œuvre par l'administration Roosevelt avant l'élection présidentielle de 1936. [1] La campagne est lancée ! est une caricature politique de John Francis Knott présentant les vues partisanes des politiques du New Deal comme solution à la Grande Dépression précédant l'élection présidentielle de 1936. [1] L'élection présidentielle « était, à bien des égards, un référendum sur le rôle d'activiste assumé par le gouvernement fédéral depuis la création du New Deal ». (Webber, Michael J. New Deal Fat Cats: Business, Labour, and Campaign Finance in the 1936 Presidential Election. [1] The Campaign is On! de John Francis Knott fournit au spectateur un aperçu de divers points de vue sur le New Deal politiques menant à l'élection présidentielle de 1936. [1]

L'élection présidentielle de 1936 a été l'élection présidentielle américaine la plus déséquilibrée en termes de votes électoraux et la deuxième plus grande victoire en termes de vote populaire. [1] L'élection présidentielle de 1936 était connue comme l'une des élections présidentielles les plus déséquilibrées de l'histoire des États-Unis en termes de votes électoraux depuis celle de Monroe en 1820 (Boller, P.249). [1] Il était le candidat du Parti républicain à l'élection présidentielle de 1936, Landon est né en 1887 à West Middlesex, Pennsylvanie, fils d'Anne et John Manuel Landon. [1] Quelle que soit l'issue de ces débats, il ne fait guère de doute que l'élection présidentielle de 1936 a été un moment charnière dans l'histoire politique américaine, marquant l'une des rares occasions où une coalition de minorités normalement en dehors de la structure du pouvoir américain a pu exercer une influence considérable sur le processus politique. [1] L'élection présidentielle de 1936 Les catholiques et la politique La classe d'histoire catholique américaine Vous utilisez un navigateur obsolète. [1] Lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1936, les Américains ont réélu FDR pour un second mandat. [1] Des études antérieures sur l'élection présidentielle de 1936 traitent d'éléments tels que la vulnérabilité de FDR avant la campagne et la faiblesse du candidat républicain Alf Landon. [1] Cette année marque le 70e anniversaire de la défaite d'Alf Landon par Franklin D. Roosevelt à l'élection présidentielle de 1936. [1] Dire qu'Alf Landon n'a pas très bien réussi à l'élection présidentielle de 1936 est un euphémisme. [1] Problème 21E : Sondage Literary Digest : Lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1936, Rep. [1] L'élection présidentielle de 1936 a été extraordinairement déséquilibrée. [1] L'élection présidentielle de 1936 sert de valeur aberrante statistique. [1] Nouveau site Web sur les bibliothèques universitaires de l'élection présidentielle de 1936 Vous utilisez un navigateur obsolète. [1]


À la suite de la victoire écrasante de Franklin Roosevelt à la réélection en 1936, la question était ouverte de savoir si le Parti républicain était capable de servir de parti d'opposition viable. [1] L'élection présidentielle américaine de 1972 a eu lieu le 7 novembre et a conduit à la victoire du candidat républicain, Richard Nixon, sur le candidat démocrate, George McGovern, par un glissement de terrain. [1] La victoire de Roosevelt n'est en aucun cas la seule élection présidentielle déséquilibrée. [1]

L'élection présidentielle la plus déséquilibrée de l'histoire des États-Unis a été la victoire du démocrate Franklin Delano Roosevelt en 1936 contre le républicain Alfred M. Landon. [1] En 1936, le président Franklin D. Roosevelt a remporté une victoire électorale écrasante contre le challenger républicain Alfred M. "Alf" Landon. [1]

C'est certainement le cas en 1936 lorsque Liberty Digest a prédit une victoire écrasante pour Alf Landon sur Franklin D. Roosevelt. [1] Des millions d'électeurs catholiques ont aidé Roosevelt à remporter sa victoire écrasante en 1936. [1] La victoire écrasante de Nixon a égalé 60,8 % du vote populaire de FDR en 1936 pour le deuxième plus grand vote populaire obtenu dans l'histoire américaine. [1]

Le 3 novembre 1936, lors d'une victoire écrasante, le président sortant Franklin D. Roosevelt a été réélu à la présidence des États-Unis après avoir battu le candidat républicain, Alf Landon. [1] La défaite écrasante par le président démocrate Franklin D. Roosevelt de son challenger républicain Alfred M. Landon lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1936 a été un tournant dans la politique américaine. [1] L'élection présidentielle de 1936 a opposé Alfred Landon, le gouverneur républicain du Kansas, au président sortant, Franklin D. Roosevelt. [1]

L'élection présidentielle de 1936 entre Franklin D. Roosevelt et Alfred Landon du Kansas a été l'élection présidentielle la plus déséquilibrée de l'histoire des États-Unis en termes de votes électoraux. [1]

Parmi les histoires les plus étranges de l'élection présidentielle de 1936 figurait le tristement célèbre Literary Digest « Sondage qui a changé le sondage ». [3] En décembre 1936, le Dr George Gallup – fondateur puis directeur de l'American Institute of Public Opinion, précurseur du sondage Gallup – a demandé à un échantillon national d'Américains : « Pensez-vous que le Parti républicain est mort ? " Heureusement pour le GOP, seulement 27% pensaient que c'était le cas, bien que, dans une question de suivi, seulement 31% pensaient qu'il remporterait la prochaine élection présidentielle. [1] Le jour des élections, le 3 novembre 1936, il a été réélu en 1936 par la plus grande majorité populaire obtenue par n'importe quel candidat présidentiel jusqu'à ce moment-là. [1] Lorsque les républicains ont commencé à gagner les élections de septembre 1936 dans le Maine, les membres du parti ont commencé à vanter l'expression en prévision d'une victoire présidentielle contre le président sortant Franklin Roosevelt en novembre. [1] Le président démocrate sortant Lyndon Johnson a remporté 61,05 % des suffrages exprimés lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1964, avec une marge de victoire sur le républicain Barry Goldwater de 22,58 %. [1] Le président républicain sortant Ronald Reagan a remporté 58,77 pour cent des suffrages exprimés lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1984, avec une marge de victoire sur le démocrate Walter Mondale de 18,21 pour cent. [1] Le président républicain sortant Richard M. Nixon a remporté 60,67 % des suffrages exprimés lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1972, avec une marge de victoire sur le démocrate George McGovern de 23,15 %. [1] Le républicain Warren G. Harding a remporté 60,32 % des suffrages exprimés lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1920, avec une marge de victoire sur le démocrate James M. Cox de 26,17 %. [1]

L'élection présidentielle des États-Unis d'Amérique qui a eu lieu le 6 novembre 1984, a conduit à une victoire majeure du candidat républicain à la présidentielle, Ronald Reagan. [1]

Lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1932, Roosevelt a battu le président républicain sortant Herbert Hoover dans un glissement de terrain pour remporter la présidence, Roosevelt a pris ses fonctions alors que les États-Unis étaient au milieu de la pire crise économique de leur histoire. [1] Il n'était donc pas surprenant que Roosevelt ait réussi à vaincre le candidat du Parti démocrate, Alton Parker, lors d'une victoire écrasante aux élections présidentielles de 1904, lorsqu'il est arrivé au pouvoir pour un mandat complet à part entière. [1] Une élection présidentielle écrasante, en d'autres termes, peut ne pas toujours se traduire par une marge aussi large dans le vote populaire, car de nombreux États américains attribuent des votes électoraux sur la base d'un gagnant-gagnant au candidat qui remporte le vote populaire dans leur État . [1] Roosevelt a remporté tous les États sauf deux et 8 votes électoraux en route vers l'un des plus grands glissements de terrain de l'histoire de l'élection présidentielle. [1]

L'élection présidentielle américaine de 1936 a été l'élection présidentielle la plus déséquilibrée de l'histoire des États-Unis en termes de votes électoraux. [1] Élection présidentielle américaine de 1936, élection présidentielle américaine tenue le 3 novembre 1936, au cours de laquelle Democratic Pres. [1] À l'élection présidentielle de 1936, la base électorale du Parti démocrate reposait en grande partie sur le soutien du Sud « solide », des villes du Nord, des immigrants, des Afro-Américains, des groupes religieux ethniques et non protestants, des femmes, des travailleurs et des organisations la main d'oeuvre. [1] L'affirmation catégorique du New Deal par l'électorat lors de l'élection présidentielle de 1936, comme en témoigne l'avalanche d'enthousiasme des électeurs dans l'agglomération new-yorkaise, est emblématique de l'émergence d'un nouveau bloc électoral démocrate. [1] Élection présidentielle de 1936 Landon a attaqué l'administration du New Deal, tout en soutenant ses objectifs. [1] … vaincre Alf Landon lors de l'élection présidentielle américaine de 1936, malgré les contre-prédictions d'autres sondages à l'époque. [1] Les résultats de l'élection présidentielle américaine de 1936 sont fournis dans le tableau. [1]

L'élection de 1936 La Grande Dépression s'est poursuivie tout au long du premier mandat de Roosevelt. [1] Pour devenir le glissement de terrain record de ces derniers temps, M. Nixon doit terminer avec plus de 61,1 % des voix obtenues par le président Johnson sur le sénateur Goldwater en 1964 et la victoire de 60,8 % du président Roosevelt en 1936. [1] Le seul candidat à surpasser la victoire de Roosevelt était Ronald Reagan aux élections de 1984 quand il y avait 7 votes électoraux supplémentaires disponibles pour contester. [1] Il n'y a pas de définition légale ou constitutionnelle de ce qu'est une élection écrasante, ni de l'ampleur d'une marge de victoire électorale pour qu'un candidat ait gagné lors d'un éboulement. [1] Quelle est l'ampleur d'une « victoire éclatante ? » Y a-t-il une certaine marge de victoire qui peut être qualifiée d'élection écrasante ? Combien de votes électoraux faut-il gagner pour parvenir à un glissement de terrain ? Il s'avère qu'il n'y a pas de consensus sur les spécificités d'une définition de glissement de terrain. [1] Les faits de l'affaire comme d'autres l'ont présenté - que Trump a reçu une plus petite proportion du vote populaire, a remporté le vote électoral et l'élection, mais a remporté le vote électoral à un nombre inférieur à celui de nombreux anciens présidents - saper le jugement qu'il s'agit d'une victoire écrasante. [1] L'élection s'est terminée par une victoire écrasante pour Johnson qui, avec une marge stupéfiante de 22,58% dans le vote populaire, est désormais devenu le président des États-Unis pour un mandat complet. [1]

L'élection de 1804 a été une victoire écrasante pour le titulaire Thomas Jefferson et le candidat à la vice-présidence George Clinton (républicains) sur les candidats fédéralistes, Charles C. Pinckney et Rufus King. [1] Smith est crédité d'avoir attiré des millions d'électeurs ethniques urbains aux urnes et dans le Parti démocrate, mais il a perdu les élections, donnant à Herbert Hoover une victoire écrasante. [1] Roosevelt a uni toutes les ailes de son parti, évité les problèmes culturels de division, tandis que Hoover a remporté les dernières élections avec une marge de victoire écrasante de 17,4 %, Roosevelt a remporté cette élection avec 17,7 %. [1] Une victoire écrasante en politique est une élection dans laquelle le vainqueur gagne par une majorité écrasante. [1]

En utilisant la définition standard d'une victoire écrasante dans la politique présidentielle, lorsqu'un candidat remporte au moins 375 voix électorales, voici la liste des courses présidentielles contestées qui étaient parmi les plus déséquilibrées de l'histoire américaine. [1]

Une lecture incontournable pour les étudiants en politique américaine. » --Davis Houck, Florida State University peut être attribuée à la campagne révolutionnaire de Franklin Roosevelt en 1936. [1] Plus particulièrement, Burke s'est entretenu avec le président à la Maison Blanche en août 1936 sur la façon de faire face aux attaques cuisantes qu'un autre prêtre catholique, Charles Coughlin, menait contre Roosevelt pendant la campagne présidentielle de 1936. [1] Des organisations telles que l'Alliance nationale des catholiques de Bohême, l'Alliance catholique romaine lituanienne, l'Église catholique nationale polonaise et le catholique slovaque Sokol ont exprimé leur soutien public à Roosevelt et au New Deal pendant la campagne présidentielle de 1936. [1]

La campagne présidentielle de 1936 s'est concentrée sur la classe dans une mesure inhabituelle pour la politique américaine. [1] Je recommande fortement ce livre à tous les étudiants de la présidence américaine. » --Martin J. Medhurst, Baylor University « Mary Stuckey's Voting Deliberatively propose une analyse fraîche et innovante de la rhétorique et de l'organisation de la campagne de FDR qui met en évidence la signification historique et saillance contemporaine de la campagne présidentielle de 1936. [1]

The United States presidential election of 1936 was the thirty-eighth quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1936. [4] Maine once held a similar political record, voting from 1856 through 1960 for the Republican candidate in every presidential election but one, when in 1912, the state gave Democrat Woodrow Wilson a plurality with 39.43% of the vote. [4] Who will win the 2016 U.S. presidential election, and why? Which party: Democrat or Republican? Which nominees are the most likely to win thei. [1] From 1856 through 1960, Vermont gave the state’s electoral votes to the Republican Party nominee in every presidential election. [4] One generally agreed upon definition of an Electoral College landslide is a presidential election in which the winning candidate secures at least 375 or 70 percent of the electoral votes. [1] Taking place every four years, presidential campaigns and elections have evolved into a series of fiercely fought, and sometimes controversial, contests, now played out in the 24-hour news cycle.The stories behind each election--some ending in landslide victories, others decided by the narrowest of margins--provide a roadmap to the events of U.S. history. [1] Considering Republicans had an unstoppable winning streak of landslide presidential elections in 1980, 1984, and 1988, why did they never take. [1] Republicans won five out of the six Presidential elections from 1968 through 1988. [1] FDR won all but two states, and went on to win two more presidential elections. [1] Roosevelt was not rejected as Hoover had been - indeed he went on to win the next two presidential elections. [1] Roosevelt received 60.8 percent of the popular vote and the plurality (11,072,350) was the largest in presidential election history. [1] "It was not a scientific poll," says Allan Lichtman, a distinguished history professor at American University who has correctly predicted every U.S. presidential election since 1984, including this year’s. [1] In one of the most crushing Presidential election victories in U.S. history, Lyndon Baines Johnson, who had been serving as the President of U.S. since the assassination of John F. Kennedy in 1963, defeated the Republican candidate, Barry Goldwater, in the elections of 1964. [1] The 1832 American Presidential election was unique, in that it was the first election in U.S. history where Presidential candidates were nominated by national nominating conventions. [1] With a margin of 23.15%, this is the 4th largest margin of victory in U.S. Presidential election history. [1] The 'Intra-War Era', including the Roaring Twenties and the worst of the Great Depression, saw 5 of the 10 largest margins of victory ever in U.S. Presidential Elections. [1]

By the 1936 election, therefore, most business leaders were firmly committed to a Republican victory and provided up to 80 percent of the $8.8 million that Republicans spent on the campaign. [1]

For the 1936 election, the Literary Digest prediction was that Landon would get 57% of the vote against Roosevelt's 43% (these are the statistics that the poll measured). [1] New Deal Coalition : A coalition of many diverse groups of voters and interest groups that emerged during the 1932 election and solidified during the 1936 election in support of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal. [1] Roosevelt's con- duct of the 1936 election is a particularly good way to access these elements because it stands at the intersection of differing understandings of campaigning and American politics. [1]

Pourquoi? Prior to the 1936 election, the phrase, "As Maine goes, so goes the nation" reflected Maine’s status as a predictor of successful presidential contenders. [1] In one of the great controversies in modern politics (and TV news coverage), the TV networks called the presidential race for Al Gore, then George Bush, and then for no candidate after exit polls indicated Gore had won Florida--and the 2000 presidential election. [1] This prestigious national magazine had conducted straw polls of its readers in six previous presidential elections and had correctly predicted the outcome every time. [1] The Literary Digest, an influential weekly magazine of the time, had begun political polling and had correctly predicted the outcome of the previous five presidential elections. [1] The Literary Digest used national straw polls in 1920, 1924, 1928 and 1932, and it guessed the winner of each presidential election. [1] The first Democrat has entered the 2020 presidential election in the hopes of challenging President Donald Trump. [1] It will be the "57th quadrennial presidential election, in which presidential electors, who will elect the President and Vice President of the United States on December 17, 2012"(2012 Presidential"). [1] Roosevelt defeated the Republican candidate Herbert Hoover by a margin of 17.76% in the 1932 Presidential Elections. [1] Though Republican candidates would prevail in seven of the next 15 presidential elections, from 1940 to 1996, between the Roosevelt era and 1995 the GOP controlled both houses of Congress only during 1953-55. [1]

"If the people command me to continue in this office and in this war," he said, "I have as little right to withdraw as the soldier has to leave his post in the line." 6 Roosevelt won his fourth presidential election by more than 3 ½ million votes over his opponent, Thomas E. Dewey. [1] A Democrat, he won a record four presidential elections and emerged as a figure in world events during the mid-20th century. [1] The U.S. Presidential election of 1920 was influenced by the aftermath of World War I. The country was facing one of its most difficult times, and there was utter chaos within the country. [1] The United States presidential election of 1932 took place against the backdrop of the Great Depression. [1]

Ronald Reagan's 1984 presidential victory is considered to be a landslide. [1] Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat) defeated Herbert Hoover (Republican) in a landslide victory brought on by the onset of the Great Depression. [1] In 1932, amid the Great Depression, Roosevelt had won a landslide victory over incumbent Herbert Hoover, ending 12 years of Republican rule. [1] Reagan won a landslide victory, and Republicans also gained control of the Senate for the first time in twenty-five years. [1]

The pollsters at the magazine simply totaled the cards for each candidate and then declared a landslide victory for Landon (57%) to defeat Roosevelt (43%), the one-term incumbent president. [1] This was the primary cause that was said to have led to the landslide victory of Hoover's opponent, the Democrat candidate Franklin D. Roosevelt. [1] Gallup's group not only predicted a landslide victory for Roosevelt, but also correctly predicted what the Literary Digest poll would show, based on sampling of Digest readers. [1] Roosevelt and Garner did indeed defeat Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis in a landslide victory. [1] Herbert Hoover (Republican) defeated Al Smith (Democrat) in a landslide victory. [1] Hoover's fame and his pledge to continue to pro-business policies of Harding and Coolidge that had catapulted the country into so much prosperity resulted in a landslide victory again for the Republicans, with Hoover outclassing Smith 444-87 (and even claiming Smith's home state of New York.) [1] This quilt commemorates the President's landslide victory over his opponent, Republican Alfred M. Landon of Kansas. [1] President Nixon has won four more years in the White House with a landslide victory which by late tonight was being compared with George Washington's. [1] His landslide victory that year signified the people's verdict on the New Deal. [1] Political journalists have offered their own suggested guidelines for determining a landslide victory over the years. [1]

Roosevelt won the 1936 election in a landslide and was feeling a bit emboldened. [1]


In one of the most crushing Presidential election victories in U.S. history, Lyndon Baines Johnson, who had been serving as the President of U.S.A. since the assassination of John F. Kennedy in 1963, defeated the Republican candidate, Barry Goldwater, in the elections of 1964. [5]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL Roosevelt and Vice President John Nance Garner were re-nominated without opposition, with the backing of party leaders, Landon defeated progressive Senator William Borah at the 1936 Republican National Convention to win his party's presidential nomination. [1] POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL On Nov. 3, 1936, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was re-elected in a landslide over his Republican challenger, Kansas Governor Alfred M. "Alf" Landon. [1] POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL The mother of all botched political polls was a 1936 Literary Digest straw poll survey that said GOP challenger Alf Landon would win in a landslide over the incumbent, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, with 57 percent of the vote. [1] In 1936, the American weekly Literary Digest confidently predicted that Republican Alf Landon would defeat the Democratic incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt in a landslide. [1]

Roosevelt was up for re- election in 1936 and faced Republican Alf Landon. [1] The 1936 vote was what many students of politics describe as "a transforming election" that made the Democratic Party the majority party in the nation for many elections to come. [1] Father Charles Coughlin, a former FDR supporter who had become an outspoken critic of the President during the 1936 campaign, actively campaigned against him in the months before the election. [1] Democrats emerged from the election of 1936 with 76 seats to just 16 for the Republicans. [1] That was a time when Republicans recovered from their 1936 devastating loss and recorded substantial gains in Congress in the aftermath of the 1938 midterm election. [1] Despite the 1936 loss in congressional elections and historically low numbers of Republican representatives and senators, they remained a potent force in Congress. [1] Of the elections listed, we’d have to go with Franklin Roosevelt’s win in 1936. [1]

Franklin Roosevelt, Dem. defeats Alf Landon, Rep. 24.26% 1936 At the Republican convention that occurred in Cleveland, Landon was the first runner for the presidential nomination. [1] Franklin Roosevelt, Dem. defeats Alf Landon, Rep. 24.26% 1936 By then it had became clear that Landon's only hope of victory was if third parties could attract votes away from the president. [1] President Franklin Roosevelt, following his overwhelming victory in 1936, took this as a mandate to oppose conservative Democratic Senators in the 1938 primaries and to reorganize the Supreme Court to get decisions more to his liking. [1]

Catholics and the 1936 Roosevelt Victory Catholics and Politics American Catholic History Classroom You are using an outdated browser. [1] National opinion polls were relatively new in 1936, but George Gallop and Elmo Roper both forecast a substantial victory for Roosevelt. [1]

Scholars and pundits alike consider Franklin D. Roosevelt an eloquent speaker, a master of radio, a public communicator par excellence and understand these traits as fundamental to his political success.6 Focusing on Roosevelt's communicative skill, however, can lead us to overlook his dedication to organizational politics.7 His 1936 campaign used a variety of mobilization techniques that are now commonplace but which were, for their time, revolutionary. [1] The Political Graveyard: Election of 1936 Questions? Return to The Political Graveyard main page. [1] Most political scientists and historians agree that the elections of 1932, 1934, and 1936 saw a "political realignment," that is, an emergence of a new and powerful coalition of voters that would come to shape the outcome of subsequent elections at least until the late 1960s. [1] In its August 22, 1936 issue, the Litereary Digest announced: Once again, asking more than ten million voters -- one out of four, representing every county in the United States -- to settle November's election in October. [1] On election day, November 3, 1936, "a crowd estimated by the police at "a million’ persons kept Times Square and the theater district in continual uproar last night as news of the President’s reelection flashed from The Times tower" (" Election Crowd in a Merry Mood." [1] Election of 1936 - Dictionary definition of Election of 1936. [1]

The election took place against the backdrop of the Great Depression that ruined the promises of incumbent President, the Democratic nomination went to the well-known governor of the most populous state, New Yorks Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had been reelected governor in a landslide in 1930. [1] Roosevelt won in a landslide, carrying 46 of the 48 states and bringing in many additional Democratic members of Congress, after Lyndon B. Johnson ’s 61.1 percent share of the popular vote in 1964, Roosevelt’s 60.8 percent is the second-largest percentage in U.S. history since the nearly unopposed election of James Monroe in 1820, and his 98.5% of the electoral vote is the highest in two-party competition. [1] The Democrat candidate, Walter Mondale, was defeated in this election by a margin of 18.21%, a major landslide in U.S. election history. [1] Under that scenario a landslide would occur when the winning candidate in a two-way election receives 58 percent of the vote, leaving his opponent with 42 percent. [1] One generally agreed upon measure of a landslide election is when the winning candidate beats his opponent or opponents by at least 15 percentage points in a popular vote count. [1] The online political news source Politico has defined a landslide election as being on in which the winning candidate beats his opponent by at least 10 percentage points, for example. [1]

The election was fought in the shadow of World War II in Europe, incumbent President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Democratic candidate, broke with tradition and ran for a third term, which became a major issue. [1] On election eve, from his 12-by-12-foot study, Roosevelt gave a nonpartisan nationwide radio address, urging only that his fellow Americans vote for the candidate of their choice. [1] On November 8, 1932, Roosevelt cast his vote in the little Town Hall of Hyde Park, New York, and chatted with some of the townspeople, as was his custom, before continuing on to the Democratic Headquarters in New York City to learn the outcome of the election. [1] In mid-1938, Roosevelt embarked on a campaign to deprive a number of anti-New Deal congressional Democrats of renomination in local Democratic primary elections. [1] The election saw the consolidation of the New Deal coalition while the Democrats lost some of their traditional allies in big business, they were replaced by groups such as organized labor and African Americans, the latter of whom voted Democratic for the first time since the Civil War. [4] Roosevelt won the highest share of the popular and electoral vote since the uncontested 1820 election, the sweeping victory consolidated the New Deal Coalition in control of the Fifth Party System. [1] Enough New Yorkers voted for Birney to throw 36 electoral votes and the election to Polk, who won the electoral college, 170-105, and a slim popular victory. [1] He’d just led the Allies to victory in Europe, and "politicians and commentators confidently predicted that he would lead the Conservatives to victory at the forthcoming general election," writes Paul Addison, author of Churchill: The Unexpected Hero, for BBC. The Literary Digest, which had correctly predicted the winner of the last 5 elections, announced in its October 31 issue that Landon would be the winner with 370 electoral votes. [1] A more detailed study in 1988 showed that both the initial sample and non-response bias were contributing factors, and that the error due to the initial sample taken alone would not have been sufficient to predict the Landon victory, this mistake by the Literary Digest proved to be devastating to the magazine's credibility and it ceased publishing within a few months of the election. [1]

The term became popular in the 1800s to define a "resounding victory one in which the opposition is buried" in an election, according to the late New York Times political writer William Safire in his Safire's Political Dictionary. [1] In terms of the popular vote, it was the third biggest victory since the election of 1820, which was not seriously contested. [1] The outcome of this year's election was not something I would have expected--an Electoral College victory for Trump despite a popular vote majority for Clinton. [1] "All of the polls were pointing to a Dewey victory, but they stopped polling a few weeks before the election," Lichtman says. [1] He’d just led the Allies to victory in Europe, and "politicians and commentators confidently predicted that he would lead the Conservatives to victory at the forthcoming general election," writes Paul Addison, author of Churchill: The Unexpected Hero, for BBC. [1]

The nation’s most respected survey on the presidential question, the Literary Digest poll, which had accurately predicted the previous five elections, announced that the Republican candidate, Alf Landon, would win. [1] It is possible to win the popular vote and lose the presidential race, as happened in the 2000 and 2016 elections because of the way electoral votes are distributed by states. [1] The 1796 election, which took place against a background of increasingly harsh partisanship between Federalists and Republicans, was the first contested presidential race. [1] McGovern ran an anti-war campaign that was well appreciated by many, though his 'outsider' status, and the scandal surrounding his Vice Presidential Democrat nominee, Thomas Eagleton, contributed to his failure in winning the election. [1] In the 1920 elections, the Democrats nominated a newspaper publisher, Governor James M. Cox, as their Presidential candidate, while the Republicans chose another newspaper publisher, Senator Warren G. Harding, to act as their own. [1] The Democratic Party nominated Roosevelt as its presidential candidate for the 1932 election. [1]

Roosevelt also won the highest share of the popular vote since 1820, though Lyndon B. Johnson would later win a slightly higher share of the popular vote in the 1964 election. [4] Straw polls were actually started in 1824 in Pennsylvania, when a Harrisburg newspaper forecast that Andrew Jackson would win the popular vote in the general election by a wide margin. (Jackson did, but lost the presidency in the House, since he didn’t have a majority of electoral votes.) [1] That same year, George Gallup, an advertising executive who had begun a scientific poll, predicted that Roosevelt would win the election, based on a quota sample of 50,000 people. [4] Gallup's poll not only predicted that Roosevelt would win the election - based on a sample of 50,000 people - he also predicted that the error in the Literary Digest results. [1]

The actual results of the election were 62% for Roosevelt against 38% for Landon (these were the parameters the poll was trying to measure). [1] In the actual election, Roosevelt took 62% of the popular vote against 38% for Landon. [1] In this election, Franklin Delano Roosevelt also known as FDR campaigned on his New Deal programs against the Kansas Governor Alf Landon. [1] The depressed state of the U.S. economy determined the 1932 election contest between the incumbent, Herbert Hoover, and the challenger, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. [1] Four years ago, our figures gave the State to Mr. Roosevelt, and Mr. Hoover carried it on Election day. [1]

Lemke, who lacked the charisma and national stature of the other potential candidates, fared poorly in the election, barely managing two percent of the vote, and the party was dissolved the following year. [4] Electoral College (United States) - Citizens of the United States vote in each state at a general election to choose a slate of electors pledged to vote for a partys candidate. [1] The election, the first waged following the "Citizens United" Supreme Court decision that allowed for increased political contributions, cost more than $2.6 billion, with the two major party candidates spending close to $1.12 billion that cycle. [1] Roosevelts trip to Chicago was the first of several successful, precedent-making moves designed to make him appear to be the candidate of change in the election. [1] She also helped president Franklin D. Roosevelt during his election. [1] The Election of 1952 Truman decided not to run for re-election in 1952 (although he could have legally run again, having become President when Roosevelt died and then served only one full term). [1] Following the assassination of President McKinley in 1901, the late President's running mate in the election of 1900, Theodore Roosevelt, then aged 42, was appointed as the President. [1]

Incorrect Republicans gained seven seats in the Senate and eighty in the House in the congressional elections. (True Answer )Correct Roosevelt was unable to gain support for his plan to nationalize banking and agriculture. [1] In this election Republican James Monroe won the presidency with 183 electoral votes, carrying every state except Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Delaware. [1] On election day, FDR won 55 percent of the popular vote and the electoral votes of thirty-eight states. [1] Van Buren won the election with 764,198 popular votes, only 50.9 percent of the total, and 170 electoral votes. [1]

It was the first such election since 1888, when Benjamin Harris became president after winning more electoral votes but losing the popular vote to Grover Cleveland. [1] This race, marred by negative campaigning and corruption, ended in the election of the first Democratic president since 1856. [1]

Although the Republicans in the same election had won a decisive majority of 65 to 39 in the House, election of the president fell to the outgoing House, which had a Federalist majority. [1] Having narrowly won the gubernatorial election in 1932, he was the only Republican governor in the nation to win reelection in 1934, a fact that immediately propelled him into the race for the Republican nomination for the presidency. [1]

In the 2016 election, Donald Trump won the Electoral College tally by taking traditionally Democratic states like Wisconsin and Pennsylvania. [1] FDR won the election in a walk, amassing huge majorities in the popular vote and in the Electoral College. [1] Sources: Electoral and popular vote totals based on data from the Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives and Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections, 4th ed. (2001). [1] The 2000 election was the fourth election in U.S. history in which the winner of the electoral votes did not carry the popular vote. [1] The election ended in one the largest political scandals in U.S. history, being the Watergate break-in, and cover-up, by President Richard Nixon. [1]

If anything, the election was a strong rejection of President Wilson and an endorsement of the Republican candidate’s call for a "return to normalcy." [1] In many respects, Willkie was just the type of liberal Republican that FDR wanted to lure into the Democratic PartyDuring the initial weeks of the election season, FDR looked strong even though he campaigned only from the White House. [1] When Republicans and Democrats faced off for the 1938 midterm elections, it had been a decade since Republicans had done well in congressional elections. [1]

Another state that had been reliably Republican for a very long time before 1936 was Pennsylvania, which Roosevelt was the first Democrat to carry since "favorite son" James Buchanan won Pennsylvania in 1856. [4] Polling results vary depending on what sample is used -- which is why in 1936, pollsters predicted Franklin Roosevelt would lose in a landslide. [1] 'Passable' turnouts associated with landslides are, FDR's 1936 LBJ T Roosevelt 1904 Eisenhower 1956 & 1952. [1]

Along with the landslide vote for Roosevelt came winning votes the country over for Democratic congress candidates who will control congress for the president. [1] They lost in a landslide, winning just Maine and Vermont against the Democratic ticket of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, during World War II, Knox again was an advocate of preparedness. [1]

The man given the unenviable task of trying to unseat President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936 was Alfred Mossman Landon, the forty-eight year old Republican governor of Kansas. [1] From among several governors and senators running in the 1936 primaries, the Republicans finally chose Kansas Governor Alfred "Alf" Landon as their presidential candidate. [1] In 1936, Landon sought the Republican presidential nominee opposing the re-election of FDR. He was also the Republican vice presidential candidate in 1936, Knox was mentioned by name in Adolf Hitlers speech of December 11,1941, in which Hitler asked for a German declaration of war against the United States. [1]

Interestingly, 1936 was also the first year the Gallup company conducted its famous presidential polls. [1] "Editors, Whistle Stops, and Elephants: the Presidential Campaign of 1936 in Indiana." [4]

Roosevelt`s campaign manager James A. Farley predicted to Roosevelt that in the 1936 election his boss would win every state except Vermont and Maine, which proved correct. [1] One famous example was the Literary Digest's poll for the 1936 election between Franklin D. Roosevelt and Alf Landon. [1] Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt won the 1936 election with 523 electoral votes, while his opponent Alfred M. Landon received 8. [1] President Roosevelt won the 1936 election easily, with 63 percent of the vote, and the Literary Digest was out of business the following year. [1] Franklin Delano Roosevelt won the 1936 election with nearly 61 percent of the vote, capturing forty-six of the forty- eight states, losing only in Maine and Vermont. [1] Polls made during 1934 and 1935 suggested Long could have won between six and seven million votes, or approximately fifteen percent of the actual number cast in the 1936 election. [4]

After being elevated to the presidency by John F. Kenndy's assassination in 1963, Johnson won election in his own right with over 61 percent of the popular vote. [1] No major-party candidate has won so few electoral votes since this election. [4] Roosevelt won the highest share of the popular and electoral vote since the largely uncontested 1820 election. [4] Roosevelt won the election by a huge landslide, securing 60.8% of the popular vote to Landon’s 36.5%. [1]

There is and always has been a tension between inclusion and efficiency, and there has always been a tendency among those who are included to generalize their interests to that of the "public interest."4 This election is interesting partly because those problems and potential solutions were very much on the minds of those involved in the Roosevelt campaign. [1] When the election results were in, Democrats had lost six Senate seats and 71 House seats in what former Roosevelt advisor Raymond Moley called "a comeback of astounding proportions." [1] The most recent was the 44th president Barack Obama, who held the office from 2009 to 2017, in the 115th Congress, following the 2016 elections, Democrats are the opposition party, holding a minority of seats in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. [1] Another interesting fact about this election was that for the first time in the country’s history, a major party had a female on its ticket, as Mondale and the Democrats had decided to select Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate. [1] The party took on the mission of preserving the Union, and destroying slavery during the American Civil War, in the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. [1] Dwight Eisenhower (Republican) defeated Adlai Stevenson (Democrat), in a rematch of the 1952 election. [1] Two sets of election returns existed-one from the Democrats, one from the Republicans. [1]

His opponent in the election was Republican businessman Wendell Wilkie, who emphasized that Roosevelt's policies hadn't dragged the country out of the Great Depression and that war loomed on the horizon. [1] The significance of the 1800 election lay in the fact that it entailed the first peaceful transfer of power between parties under the U.S. Constitution: Republican Thomas Jefferson succeeded Federalist John Adams. [1] The Election of 1944 With World War II still raging, Roosevelt ran again in 1944, campaigning on the strength of America's turning back the tide of the war in both Europe and the Pacific. (After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941, the U.S. had entered the war and fought against Germany, Italy, and Japan. [1] In the late afternoon on Election Day, throngs of Roosevelt supporters congregated in Times Square to watch as the incoming returns were displayed on The Times Building. [1] In comparing our ballot this year with that of 1932, we find that in many cities in Pennsylvania our figures showed a much higher trend toward Mr. Roosevelt than was justified by the election figures on Election day in 1932. [1]

This result threw the election into the House of Representatives, where each state had one vote, to be decided by the majority of its delegation. [1] With the election of a sectional northern candidate, the Deep South seceded from the Union, followed within a few months by several states of the Upper South. [1] This election remains the last time a Democratic candidate ever carried Tulsa County, Oklahoma, Douglas County, Nevada, Josephine County, Oregon, Ada County, Idaho, Hughes County, South Dakota and over thirty smaller counties in Nebraska and Kansas. [4] At that time, Democrats entirely dominated politics in Texas, thus the Democratic primary election was the real election, with the general election being a formality. [1]

By the time of the election campaign, Truman was deeply unpopular, having clashed with leaders of Congress and failed to live up to many people's expectations, following in the footsteps of the hugely popular FDR. Dewey's campaign was lackluster Truman's was not. [1]

The election was the first held under the Twelfth Amendment, which separated electoral college balloting for president and vice president. [1] In this historic election, Barack Obama became the first African-American to become president. [1]

The Literary Digest, which had correctly predicted the winner of the last 5 elections, announced in its October 31 issue that Landon would be the winner with 370 electoral votes. [4] This election is notable for The Literary Digest poll, which was based on ten million questionnaires mailed to readers and potential readers 2.3 million were returned. [4]

SOURCES SÉLECTIONNÉES CLASSÉES(20 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)


Pourquoi on en parle

Qu'apprenons-nous de cela? Une base de sondage incorrecte peut détruire une étude, quelle que soit la taille de l'échantillon. Les chercheurs ont interrogé plus de 2 millions de personnes (l'enquête politique typique d'aujourd'hui demande entre 500 et 1 000 répondants), mais cela a manqué le moins possible.

De plus, la taille de l'échantillon ne fait pas tout. Une fois que vous atteignez un certain nombre de répondants (généralement environ 500), des réponses supplémentaires commencent à produire des rendements décroissants.

Répondez rapidement et facilement aux questions clés avec les panels de recherche - téléchargez l'ebook de gestion des panels


Election of 1936: A Democratic Landslide - History

President Roosevelt was overwhelmingly re-elected in the election of 1936. He carried every state but Maine and Vermont, easily defeating the Republican candidate Governor Alf Landon of Kansas. Democrats won an equally lopsided victory in the congressional races: 331 to 89 seats in the House and 76 to 16 seats in the Senate.

In his second inaugural address in early 1937, Franklin Roosevelt promised to press for new social legislation. "I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished," he told the country. Yet instead of pursuing new reforms, he allowed his second term to bog-down in political squabbles. He wasted his energies on an ill-conceived battle with the Supreme Court and an abortive effort to purge the Democratic Party.

On "Black Monday," May 27, 1935, the Supreme Court struck down a basic part of Roosevelt's program of recovery and reform. A kosher chicken dealer sued the government, charging that the NRA was unconstitutional. In its famous "dead chicken" decision, Schechter v. the U.S. , the court agreed. The case affirmed that Congress had delegated excessive authority to the president and had improperly involved the federal government in regulating interstate commerce. Complained Roosevelt, "We have been relegated to the horse-and-buggy definition of interstate commerce."

In June 1936, the court ruled the Agricultural Adjustment Act--another of the measures enacted during the first 100 days--unconstitutional. Then six months later, the high court declared a New York state minimum wage law invalid. Roosevelt was aghast. The court, he feared, had established a "'no-man's land' where no government, state or federal, can function."

Roosevelt feared that every New Deal reform, such as the prohibition on child labor or regulation of wages and hours, was at risk. In 1936, his supporters in Congress responded by introducing over a hundred bills to curb the judiciary's power. After his landslide re-election in 1936, the president proposed a controversial "court-packing scheme." The plan proposed to reorganize the Supreme Court. Roosevelt sought to make his opponents on the Supreme Court resign so that he could replace them with justices more sympathetic to his policies. To accomplish this, he announced a plan to add one new member to the Supreme Court for every judge who had reached the age of 70 without retiring (six justices were over 70). To offer a carrot with the stick, Roosevelt also outlined a generous new pension program for retiring federal judges.

The court-packing scheme was a political disaster. Conservatives and liberals alike denounced Roosevelt for attacking the separation of powers, and critics accused him of trying to become a dictator. Fortunately, the Court itself ended the crisis by shifting ground. In two separate cases, the Court upheld the Wagner Act and approved a Washington state minimum wage law, furnishing proof that it had softened its opposition to the New Deal.

Yet Roosevelt remained too obsessed with the battle to realize he had won the war. He lobbied for the court-packing bill for several months, squandering his strength on a struggle that had long since become a political embarrassment. In the end, the only part of the president's plan to gain congressional approval was the pension program. Once it passed, Justice Willis Van Devanter, the most obstinate New Deal opponent on the Court, resigned. By 1941 Roosevelt had named five justices to the Supreme Court. Few legacies of the president's leadership proved more important. The new "Roosevelt Court" significantly expanded the government's role in the economy and in civil liberties.


The 1936 presidential election proved a decisive battle, not only in shaping the nation’s political future but for the future of opinion polling. Les Literary Digest, the venerable magazine founded in 1890, had correctly predicted the outcomes of the 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, and 1932 elections by conducting polls. These polls were a lucrative venture for the magazine: readers liked them newspapers played them up and each “ballot” included a subscription blank. The 1936 postal card poll claimed to have asked one fourth of the nation’s voters which candidate they intended to vote for. Dans Recueil littéraire's October 31 issue, based on more than 2,000,000 returned post cards, it issued its prediction: Republican presidential candidate Alfred Landon would win 57 percent of the popular vote and 370 electoral votes.

Landon, 1,293,669 Roosevelt, 972,897

Final Returns in the Digest’s Poll of Ten Million Voters

Well, the great battle of the ballots in the poll of 10 million voters, scattered throughout the forty-eight states of the Union, is now finished, and in the table below we record the figures received up to the hour of going to press.

These figures are exactly as received from more than one in every five voters polled in our country—they are neither weighted, adjusted, nor interpreted.

Never before in an experience covering more than a quarter of a century in taking polls have we received so many different varieties of criticism—praise from many and condemnation from many others—and yet it has been just of the same type that has come to us every time a Poll has been taken in all these years.

A telegram from a newspaper in California asks: "Is it true that Mr. Hearst has purchased The Literary Digest?“ A telephone message only the day before these lines were written: ”Has the Republican National Committee purchased The Literary Digest?“ And all types and varieties, including: ”Have the Jews purchased The Literary Digest?" "ls the Pope of Rome a stockholder of The Literary Digest?" And so it goes—all equally absurd and amusing. We could add more to this list, and yet all of these questions in recent days are but repetitions of what we have been experiencing all own the years from the very first Poll.

Problème—Now, are the figures in this poll correct? In answer to this question we will simply refer to a telegram we sent to a young man in Massachusetts the other day answer to his challenge to us to wager 100,000 on the accuracy of our Poll. We wired him as follows:

For nearly a quarter century, we have been taking Polls of the voters in the forty-eight States, and especially in Presidential years, and we have always merely mailed the ballots, counted and recorded those returned and let the people of the Nation draw their conclusions as to our accuracy. So far, we have been right in every Poll. Will we be right in the current Poll? That, as Mrs. Roosevelt said concerning the President’s reelection, is in the “lap of the gods.”

We never make any claims before election but we respectfully refer you to the opinion of one of the most quoted citizens today, the Hon. James A. Farley, Chairman of the Democratic National Committee. This is what Mr. Farley said October 14, 1932:

"Any sane person cannot escape the implication of such a gigantic sampling of popular opinion as is embraced in The Literary Digest straw vote. I consider this conclusive evidence as to the desire of the people of this country for a change in the National Government. The Literary Digest poll is an achievement of no little magnitude. It is a Poll fairly and correctly conducted."

In studying the table of the voters from of the States printed below, please remember that we make no claims at this time for their absolute accuracy. On a similar occasion we felt it important to say:

In a wild year like this, however, many sagacious observers will refuse to bank upon appearances, however convincing. Pour ce qui est de The Digest, it draws no conclusions from the results of its vast distribution of twenty million ballots. True to its historic non-partizan policy—or “omni-partizan,” as some editor described it in 1928—we supply our readers with the facts to the best of our ability, and leave them to draw their own conclusions.

We make no claim to infallibility. We did not coin the phrase “uncanny accuracy” which has been so freely-applied to our Polls. We know only too well the limitations of every straw vote, however enormous the sample gathered, however scientific the method. It would be a miracle if every State of the forty-eight behaved on Election day exactly as forecast by the Poll.

We say now about Rhode Island and Massachusetts that our figures indicate in our own judgment too large a percentage for Mr. Landon and too small a percentage for Mr. Roosevelt, and although in 1932 the figures in these two States indicated Mr. Hoover’s carrying both, we announced:

“A study of the returns convinces us that in those States our ballots have somehow failed to come back in adequate quantity from large bodies of Democratic voters.”

Our own opinion was that they would be found in the Roosevelt column, and they were. We will not do the same this year we feel that both States will be found in the Landon column, and we are reaching this conclusion by the same process that lead to the reverse conclusion in 1932.

Pennsylvania is another State which requires special mention. Four years ago, our figures gave the State to Mr. Roosevelt, and Mr. Hoover carried it on Election day. In comparing our ballot this year with that of 1932, we find that in many cities in Pennsylvania our figures showed a much higher trend toward Mr. Roosevelt than was justified by the election figures on Election day in 1932. In examining the very same cities now we discover the reverse trend, and in cities that in 1932 indicated an approximately 60󈞔 percent relationship between Roosevelt and Hoover, we now find 60 percent for Landon and 40 percent for Roosevelt.

That’s the plain language of it. Many people wonder at these great changes in a State like Pennsylvania, and we confess to wonderment ourselves.

On the Pacific Coast, we find California, Oregon, and Washington all vote for Mr. Landon in our Poll, and yet we are told that the Pacific Coast is “aflame” for Mr. Roosevelt.

A State like California is always a difficult State to get an accurate opinion from by the polling method, and we may be far astray, yet every one should remember that in the Gubernatorial campaign a few years ago, we took a Poll of California when it was believed by most of California citizens that Mr. Upton Sinclair would be elected Governor, and the result of our Poll showed that Mr. Sinclair would not be elected Governor and the Poll was correct.

The State of Washington seems to be more favorable to Mr. Landon than either Oregon or California. We cannot in our Poll detect anything that would indicate a reason for this difference.

Seattle—Right here we wish to say that in 1932 our Poll in Seattle gave Mr. Roosevelt 65.43 percent of the vote, and he carried that city by 61.58 percent of the vote. In the current Poll, 1936, Seattle gives Mr. Landon 58.52 percent and Mr. Roosevelt 40.46 percent. Our readers will notice we overestimated Mr. Roosevelt in 1932—are we overestimating Mr. Landon now? We see no reason for supposing so. And the three Pacific Coast States which now show for Mr. Landon and which millions believe will vote for Mr. Roosevelt (they may be right) in 1924, 1928, and 1932 were correctly forecast in The Literary Digest Polls.

In the great Empire State, New York the figures for so large a State are what might be called very close. After looking at the figures for New York in the column at the left, remember that in 1932 we gave Mr. Roosevelt 46.1 percent and Mr. Hoover 43.9 percent, even closer than it is to day. And yet we correctly forecast that Mr. Roosevelt would carry the State.

And so we might go on with many States that are very close, and some not so close, but in which local conditions have much to do with results, not in polls such as our Poll but on Election day.

The Poll represents the most extensive straw ballot in the field—the most experienced in view of its twenty-five years of perfecting—the most unbiased in view of its prestige—a Poll that has always previously been correct.

Even its critics admit its value as an index of popular sentiment. As one of these critics, the Nation, observes:

“Because it indicates both the 1932 and 1936 vote, it offers the raw material for as careful a prognostication as it is possible to make at this time.”


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